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CHAPTER 2

OF THE

ACTS OF 2003 (SECOND SESSION)

amended 2010, c. 48

NOTE - This electronic version of this statute is provided by the Office of the Legislative Counsel for your convenience and personal use only and may not be copied for the purpose of resale in this or any other form. Formatting of this electronic version may differ from the official, printed version. Where accuracy is critical, please consult official sources.

An Act Respecting Court Jurisdiction
and the Transfer of Court Proceedings

รวมเกมส์Short title

1 This Act may be cited as the Court Jurisdiction and Proceedings Transfer Act. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 1.

Interpretation

2 In this Act,

(a) "person" includes a state;

(b) "plaintiff" means a person who commences a proceeding and includes a plaintiff by way of counter-claim or third-party claim;

(c) "proceeding" means an action, suit, cause, matter or originating application and includes a procedure and a preliminary motion;

(d) "procedure" means a procedural step in a proceeding;

(e) "state" means

(f) "subject-matter competence" means the aspects of a court's jurisdiction that depend on factors other than those pertaining to the court's territorial competence;

(g) "Supreme Court" means the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia;

(h) "territorial competence" means the aspects of a court's jurisdiction that depend on a connection between

PART I

TERRITORIAL COMPETENCE OF COURTS OF NOVA SCOTIA

Territorial competence of court

3 (1) In this Part, "court" means a court of the Province unless the context otherwise requires.

(2) The territorial competence of a court is to be determined solely by reference to this Part. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 3.

Proceedings against persons

4 A court has territorial competence in a proceeding that is brought against a person only if

(a) that person is the plaintiff in another proceeding in the court to which the proceeding in question is a counter-claim;

(b) during the course of the proceeding that person submits to the court's jurisdiction;

(c) there is an agreement between the plaintiff and that person to the effect that the court has jurisdiction in the proceeding;

(d) that person is ordinarily resident in the Province at the time of the commencement of the proceeding; or

(e) there is a real and substantial connection between the Province and the facts on which the proceeding against that person is based. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 4.

Proceedings with no named defendants

5 A court has territorial competence in a proceeding that is not brought against a person or a vessel if there is a real and substantial connection between the Province and the facts upon which the proceeding is based. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 5.

Proceedings against vessels

6 A court has territorial competence in a proceeding that is brought against a vessel if the vessel is served or arrested in the Province. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 6.

General discretion

7 A court that under Section 4 lacks territorial competence in a proceeding may hear the proceeding notwithstanding that Section if it considers that

(a) there is no court outside the Province in which the plaintiff can commence the proceeding; or

(b) the commencement of the proceeding in a court outside the Province cannot reasonably be required. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 7.

Ordinary residence of corporation

8 A corporation is ordinarily resident in the Province, for the purposes of this Part, only if

(a) the corporation has, or is required by law to have, a registered office in the Province;

(b) pursuant to law, it

(c) it has a place of business in the Province; or

(d) its central management is exercised in the Province. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 8.

Ordinary residence of partnership

9 A partnership is ordinarily resident in the Province, for the purposes of this Part, only if

(a) the partnership has, or is required by law to have, a registered office or business address in the Province;

(b) it has a place of business in the Province; or

(c) its central management is exercised in the Province. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 9.

Ordinary residence of unincorporated society

10 An unincorporated association is ordinarily resident in the Province, for the purposes of this Part, only if

(a) an officer of the association is ordinarily resident in the Province; or

(b) the association has a location in the Province for the purpose of conducting its activities. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 10.

Presumption of real and substantial connection

11 Without limiting the right of the plaintiff to prove other circumstances that constitute a real and substantial connection between the Province and the facts on which a proceeding is based, a real and substantial connection between the Province and those facts is presumed to exist if the proceeding

(a) is brought to enforce, assert, declare or determine proprietary or possessory rights or a security interest in immovable or movable property in the Province;

(b) concerns the administration of the estate of a deceased person in relation to

(c) is brought to interpret, rectify, set aside or enforce any deed, will, contract or other instrument in relation to

(d) is brought against a trustee in relation to the carrying out of a trust in any of the following circumstances:

(e) concerns contractual obligations, and

(f) concerns restitutionary obligations that, to a substantial extent, arose in the Province;

(g) concerns a tort committed in the Province;

(h) concerns a business carried on in the Province;

(i) is a claim for an injunction ordering a party to do or refrain from doing anything

(j) is for a determination of the personal status or capacity of a person who is ordinarily resident in the Province;

(k) is for enforcement of a judgment of a court made in or outside the Province or an arbitral award made in or outside the Province; or

(l) is for the recovery of taxes or other indebtedness and is brought by Her Majesty in right of the Province or of Canada or by a municipality or other local authority of the Province. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 11.

Court may decline territorial competence

12 (1) After considering the interests of the parties to a proceeding and the ends of justice, a court may decline to exercise its territorial competence in the proceeding on the ground that a court of another state is a more appropriate forum in which to hear the proceeding.

(2) A court, in deciding the question of whether it or a court outside the Province is the more appropriate forum in which to hear a proceeding, must consider the circumstances relevant to the proceeding, including

(a) the comparative convenience and expense for the parties to the proceeding and for their witnesses, in litigating in the court or in any alternative forum;

(b) the law to be applied to issues in the proceeding;

(c) the desirability of avoiding multiplicity of legal proceedings;

(d) the desirability of avoiding conflicting decisions in different courts;

(e) the enforcement of an eventual judgment; and

(f) the fair and efficient working of the Canadian legal system as a whole. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 12.

Conflict with other Acts

13 Where there is a conflict or inconsistency between this Part and another Act of the Province or of Canada that expressly

(a) confers jurisdiction or territorial competence on a court; or

(b) denies jurisdiction or territorial competence to a court,

that other Act prevails. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 13.

PART II

TRANSFER OF A PROCEEDING

General provisions applicable to transfer

14 (1) The Supreme Court, in accordance with this Part, may

(a) transfer a proceeding to a court outside the Province; or

(b) accept a transfer of a proceeding from a court outside the Province.

(2) A power given under this Part to the Supreme Court to transfer a proceeding to a court outside the Province includes the power to transfer part of the proceeding to that court.

(3) A power given under this Part to the Supreme Court to accept a proceeding from a court outside the Province includes the power to accept part of the proceeding from that court.

(4) Where anything relating to a transfer of a proceeding is or ought to be done in the Supreme Court or in another court on appeal from the Supreme Court, the transfer is governed by this Part.

(5) Where anything relating to a transfer of a proceeding is or ought to be done in a court outside the Province, the Supreme Court, notwithstanding any differences between this Part and the rules applicable in the court outside the Province, may transfer or accept a transfer of the proceeding if the Supreme Court considers that the differences do not

(a) impair the effectiveness of the transfer; or

(b) inhibit the fair and proper conduct of the proceeding. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 14.

Grounds for transfer

15 (1) The Supreme Court, by order, may request a court outside the Province to accept a transfer of a proceeding in which the Supreme Court has both territorial and subject-matter competence if the Supreme Court is satisfied that

(a) the receiving court has subject-matter competence in the proceeding; and

(b) under Section 12, the receiving court is a more appropriate forum for the proceeding than the Supreme Court.

(2) The Supreme Court, by order, may request a court outside the Province to accept a transfer of a proceeding in which the Supreme Court lacks territorial or subject-matter competence if the Supreme Court is satisfied that the receiving court has both territorial and subject-matter competence in the proceeding.

(3) In deciding whether a court outside the Province has territorial or subject-matter competence in a proceeding, the Supreme Court must apply the laws of the state in which the court outside the Province is established. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 15; 2010, c. 48, s. 1.

Provisions relating to transfer orders

16 (1) In an order requesting a court outside the Province to accept a transfer of a proceeding, the Supreme Court must state the reasons for the request.

(2) The order may

(a) be made on application of a party to the proceeding;

(b) impose conditions precedent to the transfer;

(c) contain terms concerning the further conduct of the proceeding; and

(d) provide for the return of the proceeding to the Supreme Court on the occurrence of specified events.

(3) On its own motion or, where asked by the receiving court, the Supreme Court, on or after making an order requesting a court outside the Province to accept a transfer of a proceeding, may

(a) send to the receiving court relevant portions of the record to aid that court in deciding whether to accept the transfer or to supplement material previously sent by the Supreme Court to the receiving court in support of the order; or

(b) by order, rescind or modify one or more terms of the order requesting acceptance of the transfer. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 16.

Supreme Court can accept or refuse transfer

17 (1) After the filing of a request made by a court outside the Province to transfer to the Supreme Court a proceeding brought against a person in the transferring court, the Supreme Court by order may

(a) subject to subsection (4), accept the transfer if both of the following requirements are fulfilled:

(b) refuse to accept the transfer for any reason that the Supreme Court considers just, regardless of the fulfillment of the requirements of clause (a).

(2) The Supreme Court must give reasons for an order under clause (1)(b) refusing to accept the transfer of a proceeding.

(3) Any party to the proceeding brought in the transferring court may apply to the Supreme Court for an order accepting or refusing the transfer to the Supreme Court of the proceeding.

(4) The Supreme Court may not make an order accepting the transfer of a proceeding if a condition precedent to the transfer imposed by the transferring court has not been fulfilled. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 17; 2010, c. 48, s. 2.

Effect of transfer

18 A transfer of a proceeding to or from the Supreme Court takes effect for all purposes of the law of the Province when an order made by the receiving court accepting the transfer is filed in the transferring court. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 18.

Transfers to courts outside Province

19 (1) On a transfer of a proceeding from the Supreme Court taking effect,

(a) the Supreme Court must send relevant portions of the record, if not sent previously, to the receiving court; and

(b) subject to subsections (2) and (3), the proceeding continues in the receiving court.

(2) After the transfer of a proceeding from the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court may make an order with respect to a procedure that was pending in the proceeding at the time of the transfer only if

(a) it is unreasonable or impracticable for a party to apply to the receiving court for the order; and

(b) the order is necessary for the fair and proper conduct of the proceeding in the receiving court.

(3) After the transfer of a proceeding from the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court may discharge or amend an order made in the proceeding before the transfer took effect only if the receiving court lacks territorial competence to discharge or amend the order. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 19.

Transfers to Supreme Court

20 (1) On a transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court taking effect, the proceeding continues in the Supreme Court.

(2) A procedure completed in a proceeding in the transferring court before transfer of the proceeding to the Supreme Court has the same effect in the Supreme Court as in the transferring court, unless the Supreme Court otherwise orders.

(3) Where a procedure is pending in a proceeding at the time of the transfer of the proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, the procedure must be completed in the Supreme Court in accordance with the rules of the transferring court, measuring applicable time limits as if the procedure had been initiated ten days after the transfer took effect, unless the Supreme Court otherwise orders.

(4) After the transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court may discharge or amend an order made in the proceeding by the transferring court.

(5) An order of the transferring court that is in force at the time the transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect remains in force after the transfer until discharged or amended by

รวมเกมส์ (a) the transferring court, if the Supreme Court lacks territorial competence to discharge or amend the order; or

(b) the Supreme Court, in any other case. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 20.

Return of proceeding after transfer

21 (1) After the transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court must order the return of the proceeding to the court from which the proceeding was received if

(a) the terms of the transfer provide for the return;

(b) both the Supreme Court and the court from which the proceeding was received lack territorial competence in the proceeding; or

(c) the Supreme Court lacks subject-matter competence in the proceeding.

(2) Where a court to which the Supreme Court has transferred a proceeding orders that the proceeding be returned to the Supreme Court in any of the circumstances referred to in clauses (1)(a), (b) or (c), or in similar circumstances, the Supreme Court must accept the return.

(3) When a return order is filed in the Supreme Court, the returned proceeding continues in the Supreme Court. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 21.

Appeals

22 (1) After the transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, an order of the transferring court, except the order requesting the transfer, may be appealed in the Province with leave of the court of appeal of the receiving court as if the order had been made by the Supreme Court.

รวมเกมส์ (2) A decision of a court outside the Province to accept the transfer of a proceeding from the Supreme Court may not be appealed in the Province.

รวมเกมส์ (3) Where, at the time that the transfer of a proceeding from the Supreme Court takes effect, an appeal is pending in the Province from an order of the Supreme Court, the court in which the appeal is pending may conclude the appeal only if

(a) it is unreasonable or impracticable for the appeal to be recommenced in the state of the receiving court; and

(b) a resolution of the appeal is necessary for the fair and proper conduct of the continued proceeding in the receiving court. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 22.

Departure from term of transfer

23 After the transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court may depart from terms specified by the transferring court in the transfer order, if it is just and reasonable to do so. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 23.

Limitations and time periods

24 (1) In a proceeding transferred to the Supreme Court from a court outside the Province, and notwithstanding any enactment imposing a limitation period, the Supreme Court must not hold a claim barred because of a limitation period if

(a) the claim would not be barred under the limitation rule that would be applied by the transferring court; and

(b) at the time the transfer took effect, the transferring court had both territorial and subject-matter competence in the proceeding.

(2) After a transfer of a proceeding to the Supreme Court takes effect, the Supreme Court must treat a procedure commenced on a certain date in a proceeding in the transferring court as if the procedure had been commenced in the Supreme Court on the same date. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 24.

PART III

EFFECTIVE DATE

Proclamation

25 This Act comes into force on such day as the Governor in Council orders and declares by proclamation. 2003 (2nd Sess.), c. 2, s. 25.

Proclaimed - May 28, 2008
In force - June 1, 2008

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